MINELRES: ECMI Working Paper #25: Managing Ethnic Diversity in Javakheti, by Denis Dafflon

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Sun Mar 12 10:14:02 2006

Original sender: William McKinney <mckinney@ecmi.de>

Dafflon, Denis. Managing Ethnic Diversity in Javakheti: 
Two European Models of Multilingual Tertiary Education.
ECMI Working Paper #25. February 2006, 25 pp.

One of the ten regions of Georgia, Samtskhe-Javakheti is often
considered as a potential conflict zone and has been a region of major
concern for the government since Georgia's independence in 1991. The
region of Samtskhe-Javakheti, and especially the two districts forming
Javakheti, namely Akhalkalaki and Ninotsminda, are inhabited by a very
large number of ethnic Armenians, who speak Armenian or Russian as their
first language. The overwhelming majority of the population of Javakheti
does not speak Georgian and thus does not have command of the sole
official language of Georgia. As a result, most residents of the
Javakheti region are poorly informed of what is going on in their
country and tend to turn to Armenia or Russia as sources of information.
How can the out-migration of the young and educated generation be
avoided? How can the Georgian authorities enhance ethnic diversity in
higher education and attract students belonging to national minorities?
This paper analyzes the way the access to higher education and ethnic
diversity has been tackled in those regions of Macedonia and Romania
that are inhabited by national minorities because policies have been
developed there that may serve as examples for the Javakheti

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