MINELRES: Romania: Ethnic Minorities News no. 29 (157)/2005

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Tue Aug 2 16:29:20 2005


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Divers Bulletin no. 30 (158) / August 1, 2005
News

MORE JEWISH PEOPLE WANT TO BECOME AGAIN ROMANIAN CITIZENS 

UKRAINIAN LEADER STEFAN TCACIUC PASSED AWAY 

“I WANT TO ATTRACT AND MOTIVATE AS MANY YOUNG ROMA EXPERTS AS POSSIBLE” - 
interview with Mariea Ionescu, new president of the National Agency for Ethnic 
Roma 

ROMANIA CLOSER TO RATIFY THE EUROPEAN CHARTER FOR MINORITY LANGUAGES


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

News

MORE JEWISH PEOPLE WANT TO BECOME AGAIN ROMANIAN CITIZENS 

BUCHAREST – Hundreds of Jewish people who went to Israel during communist 
regime are now applying to reacquire the Romanian citizenship, informs an 
article published in daily "Cotidianul" on July 28.
Once with Romania’s accession to the EU, they automatically receive the right 
to purchase fields in any communitarian country, the daily reports.
Subsequent to the enactment of the new Constitution, at the referendum in 
November 2003, it was accounted a significant increase of the number of Jewish 
people from Romania applying to reacquire Romanian citizenship.
Thus, if in 2003, 58 applications originated from Israel, in 2004, their number 
increased by almost five times (262), and in 2005, 150 applications have 
already been submitted, according to the statistic data provided by the Bureau 
of Citizenship within Ministry of Justice.
If according to the Constitution in 1991 the foreign citizens were not allowed 
to own fields in Romania, article 44 of the new fundamental law stipulates the 
foreigners can acquire private property “subject to the conditions resulted 
subsequent to the accession to the European Union”.
“According to the former Constitution and to the former old ownership laws, the 
foreign citizens could not claim but the houses they owned in Romania and not 
the fields, whose retrocession was conditioned upon the Romanian citizenship”, 
explains deputy Iuliu Vainer one of the reasons leading to the increase of the 
number of applications o reacquire the Romanian citizenship. But the 
retrocession of the former properties in Romania is not the only reason.
Most of the people who want to reacquire the Romanian citizenship are more than 
65 years old and some decades ago have been forced by Ceausescu’s nationalist 
policy to leave the country. From a community of almost half a million Jewish 
people in Romania during the inter-war period, the last census accounted for 
less than 10,000. The applications to reacquire the citizenship will bring 
about a rejuvenation of this national minority, as many young people brought up 
in Israel also apply to reacquire the Romanian citizenship. , Aurel Vainer, 
namely the representative of the Jewish community in the Parliament, says 
another advantage of reacquiring the Romanian citizenship within the 
perspective of the accession is “the European sole market supposes the free 
circulation of the merchandise, services and labour, as well as the recognition 
of the diplomas”. 
Author: DIVERS


UKRAINIAN LEADER STEFAN TCACIUC PASSED AWAY 

BUCHAREST – The president of the Ukrainians’ Union in Romania (UUR), deputy 
Stefan Tcaciuc passed away on July 27, as a result of a heart attack. Stefan 
Tcaciuc was former parliamentarian since 1990, representing the about 40 
thousand ethnic Ukrainians in Romania.
He was a member of the parliamentary group of the minorities and of various 
parliamentary commissions and during the legislature 1992-1996, he filled in, 
for a short period of time, the position of quaestor of the Standing Bureau of 
the Chamber of Deputies. He was a member of the Writers’ Union in Romania and 
Ukraine. 
Author: DIVERS


“I WANT TO ATTRACT AND MOTIVATE AS MANY YOUNG ROMA EXPERTS AS POSSIBLE” - 
interview with Mariea Ionescu, new president of the National Agency for Ethnic 
Roma 

DIVERS: What are the major problems the National Agency for Ethnic Roma is 
facing?
Mariea Ionescu: I would not necessarily call them problems, but more intense 
efforts to develop short, medium and long-term activities, some of which 
continue the work of the former president and others that are complementary or 
complete the activity of the institution. 
On a short-term, besides the daily problems, we are concerned with setting a 
vision of the National Agency for Ethnic Roma, according to which we will also 
establish the tasks of the institution and its organizational structure. In 
general, ANR’s activity will continue the philosophy of the project’s 
initiators, namely to have a specialty institution of the central public 
administration, whose experts can draw up, coordinate, monitor and evaluate the 
public policies meant for the ethnic Roma minority. 

DIVERS: What are you going to do on the long run as new ANR president?
M.I.: The policy of the communitarian development included in the Lisbon agenda 
suggests the establishment of an independent department filling the void 
between the various execution levels. Subsequently, on the long-term, we will 
have a specialized institution, which could establish equal partnership 
relations with the ministries in charge, specialty institutions, inter-
governmental and governmental institutions, internal and foreign institutions, 
which implement public policies for the ethnic Roma in Romania. I aim to direct 
the human resources policy towards attracting and motivating the ethnic Roma 
young experts. As regards the ethnic Roma minority, the young experts head 
towards the private field and towards attracting salaries in this sector.
This is the reason for which I believe it is the right moment to make an 
invitation to the young ethnic Roma, academic graduates, to focus upon the 
institutions that draw up, monitor and evaluate the public policies meant for 
the ethnic Roma.
As regards the ethnic Roma students, I intend to ensure them the necessary 
areas for practicing, in institutes, led by experts, as well as in the 
territory. 
Author: DIVERS


ROMANIA CLOSER TO RATIFY THE EUROPEAN CHARTER FOR MINORITY LANGUAGES

BUCHAREST – Department for Interethnic Relations (DRI) within Romanian 
Government recently drew up an ordinance project on ratifying the European 
Charter for the Regional or Minority Languages. 
The project undergoes a process of authorization and will be included on the 
daily agenda of the Government session, informs DRI. 
The Charter is an essential document as regards the protection of the languages 
traditionally used in a certain area of a country by its citizens constituting 
an inferior number group to the rest of the population of the country.
Passed at Strasbourg, on November 5, 1992, the European Charter for Regional or 
Minority Languages came into force on March 1, 1998. Romania signed the Charter 
on July 17, 1995.
Author: DIVERS


DIVERS - News bulletin about ethnic minorities living in Romania is edited 
every week by MEDIAFAX, with the financial support of King Baudouin Foundation, 
Belgium and Ethnocultural Diversity Resource Center. Partial or full 
reproduction of the information contained in DIVERS is allowed only if the 
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