23 December 1991
Slovenia is a state of all its citizens and is based on the permanent and inalienable right of the Slovene people to self-determination.
In Slovenia, supreme power is vested in the people. Citizens exercise that power directly, and most notably, at elections, and consistently with the principle of the separation of legislative, executive and judicial powers.
Within its own territory, Slovenia shall protect human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall uphold and guarantee the right of the autochthonous Italian and Hungarian ethnic communities. It shall attend to the welfare of the autochthonous Slovene minorities in neighbouring countries and of Slovene emigrants and migrant workers abroad and shall promote their contacts with their homeland. It shall assist the preservation of the natural and cultural heritage of Slovenia in harmony with the creation of opportunities for the development of civilized society and cultural life in Slovenia.
Slovenes not holding Slovene citizenship shall enjoy special rights and privileges in Slovenia. The nature and extent of those rights and privileges shall be determined by statute.
The official language of Slovenia shall be Slovene. In those areas where Italian or Hungarian ethnic communities reside, the official language shall also be Italian or Hungarian.
In Slovenia each individual shall be guaranteed equal human rights and fundamental freedoms irrespective of national origin, race, sex, language, religion, political or other beliefs, financial status, birth, education, social status or whatever other personal circumstance.
All persons shall be equal before the law.
Each person shall be entitled to freely identify with his national grouping or ethnic community, to foster and give expression to his culture and to use his own language and script.
In order to give effect to his rights and obligations, and in all dealings with State bodies and other bodies having official functions, each person shall have the right to use his own language and script in such a manner as shall be determined by statute.
All incitement to ethnic, racial, religious or other discrimination, as well as the inflaming of ethnic, racial, religious or other hatred or intolerance, shall be unconstitutional.
All incitement to violence or to war shall be unconstitutional.
The autochthonous Italian and Hungarian ethnic communities and their members shall be guaranteed the right to freely use their national symbols and, in order to preserve their national identity, the right to establish organizations, to foster economic, cultural, scientific and research activities, as well as activities associated with the mass media and publishing. These two ethnic communities and their members shall have, consistent with statute, the right to education and schooling in their own languages, as well as the right to plan and develop their own curriculae. The State shall determine by statute those geographical areas in which bilingual education shall be compulsory. The Italian and Hungarian ethnic communities and their members shall enjoy the right to foster contacts with the wider Italian and Hungarian communities living outside Slovenia, and with Italy and Hungary respectively. Slovenia shall give financial support and encouragement to the implementation of these rights.
In those areas where the Italian and Hungarian ethnic communities live, their members shall be entitled to establish autonomous organizations in order to give effect to their rights. At the request of the Italian and Hungarian ethnic communities, the State may authorize their respective autonomous organizations to carry out specific functions which are presently within the jurisdiction of the State, and the State shall ensure the provision of the means for those functions to be effected.
The Italian and Hungarian ethnic communities shall be directly represented at the local level and shall also be represented in the National Assembly.
The status of the Italian and the Hungarian ethnic communities and the manner in which their rights may be exercised in those areas where the two ethnic communities live, shall be determined by statute. In addition, the obligations of the local self-governing communities which represent the two ethnic communities to promote the exercise of their rights, together with the rights of the members of the two ethnic communities living outside their autochthonous areas, shall be determined by statute. The rights of both ethnic communities and of their members shall be guaranteed without regard for the numerical strength of either community.
Statutes, regulations and other legislative enactments which exclusively affect the exercise of specific rights enjoyed by the Italian or Hungarian ethnic communities under this Constitution, or affecting the status of these communities, may not be enacted without the consent of the representatives of the ethnic community or communities affected.
The status and special rights of Gypsy communities living in Slovenia shall be such as are determined by statute.
The National Assembly shall consist of 90 Deputies, representing the citizens of Slovenia.
Deputies must be directly elected by secret ballot on the basis of a universal, adult franchise.
The Italian and Hungarian ethnic communities shall always be entitled to elect one Deputy each to the National Assembly.
The electoral system shall be regulated by statute, passed by the National Assembly by a two-thirds majority of all elected Deputies casting their votes in favour of the same.
Deputies, except the deputies of the national communities, are elected by the principle of the proportionate representation at the four per cent electoral threshold for the access to the National Assembly, and the votersí influence is decisive for the assignment of the seats to the candidates. [As amended by the Constitutional Act on the Amendment of the Article 80 of the Act of the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia. No. 66-3052/2000), published on 26. July 2000, in force from 25. July 2000]
Source: Website of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia