Adopted on: 28 June 1992
The official language of Estonia is Estonian.
(1) All persons shall be equal before the law. No one may be discriminated against on he basis of nationality, race, color, sex, language, origin, creed, political or other persuasions, financial or social status, or other reasons.
(2) The propagation of national, racial, religious or political hatred, violence or discrimination is prohibited and punishable by law. The propagation of hatred, violence or discrimination between social strata is equally prohibited and punishable by law.
(1) Anyone deprived of his or her liberty shall be informed promptly, and in such a language and manner which he or she understands, of the reason for the arrest, and his or her rights, and shall be given the opportunity to notify his or her family about the arrest. A suspected offender shall also be promptly given the opportunity to choose a legal adviser and to confer with him or her. The right of a suspected offender to notify his or her family of the arrest may only be restricted in such cases and procedures as determined by law, for the purpose of preventing a criminal act or in the interest of establishing facts in a criminal investigation.
(2) No one may be held in custody for more than forty-eight hours without specific permission by a court. Such a decision shall be promptly made known to the person in custody, in such a language and manner which he or she understands.
(1) No Estonian citizen may be deported from Estonia or prevented from settling in Estonia.
(2) No Estonian citizen may be extradited to a foreign state, except in cases prescribed by a foreign treaty, and in accordance with procedures determined by the applicable treaty and law. Extradition shall be decided by the Government of the Republic. Anyone whose extradition is sought shall be entitled to contest the extradition in an Estonian court.
(3) Every Estonian shall have the right to settle in Estonia.
(1) Everyone shall have the right to an education. Education shall be compulsory for school-age children to the extent specified by law, and free of school fees in state and local government general education schools.
(2) In order to make education available, state and local governments shall maintain the necessary number of educational institutions. As determined by law, other educational institutions may be established, including private schools.
(3) Parents shall have the final decision in choosing education for their children.
(4) Everyone shall have the right to instruction in Estonian. Educational institutions established for minorities shall choose their own language of instruction.
(5) The provision of education shall be supervised by the state.
(1) Everyone shall have freedom of conscience, religion and thought.
(2) Everyone may freely belong to a church or a religious association. There shall be no state church.
(3) Everyone shall have the freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private to practice his or her religion, unless it endangers public order, health or morals.
Everyone shall have the right to preserve his or her ethnic identity.
Ethnic minorities shall have the right, in the interests of their national culture, to establish institutions of self-government in accordance with conditions and procedures determined by the Law on Cultural Autonomy for Ethnic Minorities.
(1) Everyone shall have the right to address a state or local government authority and their officials in Estonian, and to receive answers in Estonian.
(2) In localities where at least half of the permanent residents belong to an ethnic minority, everyone shall have the right to receive answers from state and local government authorities and their officials in the language of that ethnic minority.
(1) The official language of state and local government authorities shall be Estonian.
(2) In localities where the language of the majority of the population is other than Estonian, local government authorities may use the language of the majority of the permanent residents of that locality for internal communication to the extent and in accordance with procedures determined by law.
(3) The use of foreign languages, including the languages of ethnic minorities, by state authorities and in court and pre-trial proceedings shall be determined by law.
Source: Estonian Legal Translation Centre